The Prisoner of War Years (1886-1914)

In this section, we discuss some of the significant events and experiences that constitute Chiricahua Apache prisoner of war history. In 1886, the U. S. government sent five groups of Apaches from Arizona to Florida for incarceration. While in Florida, the government, without the cooperation or permission of parents and relatives, took Apache children to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In 1887 and 1888, the military relocated Chiricahua prisoners from Florida to Mount Vernon Barracks outside Mobile, Alabama. In 1894, officials sent the POWs to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where the Apaches resided for about twenty years. Finally in 1913 and 1914, the War Department released surviving POWs, sending some to the Mescalero Apache Indian Reservation in New Mexico and others to small farms in Oklahoma.

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