Miles’ troops trailed “Geronimo’s Indians” for the next four months. On September 3, 1886, having been persuaded by two Apache Scouts, Martine and Kayitah, Geronimo and the others met voluntarily with the general. Miles told them that the government would “wipe out their past deeds,” send them east with their families for two years of imprisonment, return them to Arizona, and place them on a reservation. The resisters accepted these conditions.
Federal authorities decided years later that the United States officially took possession of the Chiricahua Apache homeland when Miles convinced Geronimo and Naiche to go east. The Apaches did not foresee this dishonesty and injustice.
“The (Indian Claims) Commission has … determined that the United States acquired sovereignty over most of the aboriginal Chiricahua Apache lands by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of February 2, 1848 … and over the remainder of said lands by the Gadsden Purchase of December 30, 1853.
“… (T)he United States extinguished the aboriginal title of the Chiricahua Apaches to their entire tract of land in Arizona and New Mexico on September 4, 1886.” (“Findings of Fact” of the Indian Claims Commission, 1974, Docket No. 182.)
Previous Page Chihuahua Sent to Fort Marion, FL (April 1886)
- The Chiricahua Apaches become Prisoners of War (1886)
- Peace Negotiations (March 1886)
- Chihuahua Sent to Fort Marion, FL (April 1886)
- Miles Negotiates Peace with Naiche and Geronimo (Sept 1886)
- San Carlos Chiricahuas Sent to Fort Marion, FL (Sept 1886)
- Naiche and Geronimo Sent East (Sept 1886)
- Naiche and Geronimo Sent to Fort Pickens, FL (Oct 1886)
- The Loco and Chatto Peace Delegation to Washington, DC (1886)
- Mangas Sent to Fort Marion (Oct 1886)
- Apache Train Rides to Internment (1886)