Naiche and Geronimo Sent to Fort Pickens, FL (Oct 1886)

After Geronimo’s group had been at Fort Sam Houston for six weeks, President Cleveland sent 15 men to Fort Pickens, Pensacola, Florida.  He sent the others to Fort Marion.

“The Indian women and children at San Antonio, and two Indian scouts, nineteen in all, are ordered to Fort Marion, to be held under the same conditions as the other prisoners there. The two scouts will be discharged from the service, but remain with their tribes.”  (General Philip H. Sheridan, Lieutenant General, Commanding, to General L. M. Schofield, October 20, 1886. Quoted in Herbert Welsh, “The Apache Prisoners in Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida.”  Philadelphia: Office of the Indian Rights Association. 1887:34.)

Separating family members violated the agreement with Miles.

“(The Apaches) regarded the separation of themselves from their families as a violation of the terms of their treaty … by which they had been guaranteed in the most positive manner conceivable … that they should be united with their families at Fort Marion.”  (Department of Texas Commander General David Stanley, after conducting separate interviews with Naiche and Geronimo. General D. H. Stanley to General K. C. Drum, Adjutant-General of the Army, October 27, 1886. Quoted in Herbert Welsh, “The Apache Prisoners in Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida.”  Philadelphia: Office of the Indian Rights Association. 1887:29.)